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大圣欢喜天(圣天、象鼻天、毗那夜迦)
发布时间: 2014年10月27日 09:04     点击量:     发布者:admin    作者:汉密(唐密)准提心脉

 

 

  欢喜天,又云大圣欢喜天,大圣天神,圣天。梵名Ga?apati,音译葛那钵底,就其形而谓之毗那夜迦Vināyaka,象鼻天。
  其形像为夫妇二身相抱象头人身之形。男天者大自在天之长子,为危害世界之大荒神。女天者为观音所化现,与彼相抱,得其欢心,以镇彼暴者。因称欢喜天。
  善无畏所译之《大圣欢喜供养法》曰:‘大圣自在天,乌女为妇,所生有三千子,其左千五百,毗那夜迦王为第一,行诸恶事;右千五百,扇那夜迦持善天为第一,修一切善利。此扇那夜迦王,则观音之化身也。为调和彼毗那夜迦恶行,同生一类成兄弟夫妇,示现相抱同体之形。其本因缘,具在大明咒贼经。’
  《毗那夜迦舍光轨》曰:‘今说毗那夜迦有多种,或似人天,或似婆罗门,或现男女端正之貌。即分四部,摄众多类。如是种种,作诸障碍。唯大圣天欢喜王,是权现之身,如上所说,为欲诱进诸作障者令入正见故,所以不似余毗那夜迦,而现象头。此是示喻故,谓如像王虽有嗔恚强力,能随养育者及调御师也。誐那钵底,亦复如是,虽现障身,能随归依人乃至归佛者,是故此天现象头也。毗那夜迦,亦名毗那怛迦,此云象鼻也。其形如人,其鼻极长,即爱香尘故也。唯今大圣天,其头眼耳鼻舌诸相,皆似象,能随行者也。此天者,即誐那钵底,此云欢喜。’
  《使咒法经》曰:‘尔时毗那罗曩伽,将领九千八百诸大鬼王。(中略)向于世尊,俱发声言:我以自在神通故,号毗那罗曩伽,亦名毗那夜迦,亦名毗微那曩伽,亦曰摩诃毗那夜迦。如是四天下,称皆不同。
  当然,现在的欢喜天图画多是象首人身,四手两足,右二手持佛珠葡萄,左二手持战斧天妙果,右腿盘曲,而雕像变化的更多一些。

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